What: Osteoporosis –a condition of increased bone fragility– —is a growing global epidemic. It is the most common chronic metabolic bone disease, decreasing quality of life and causing many deaths. It is estimated that 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men over the age of 50 years will experience osteoporotic fractures in their lifetime. The challenge: you usually don’t realise you have osteoporosis until you have a fracture.
What you can do: Several interventions, including an adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D (the most important factor in calcium absorption), are fundamental aspects for any osteoporosis prevention program. Weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises are also very important. For people in high-risk groups such as women and anyone over 50, a bone density test may be a good way to determine if you are losing bone mass and identify treatment options.